Wounds and diabetic foot ulcers on the feet are a common occurrence for people who have diabetes. Most common under the balls of the feet and around the toes, diabetic ulcers can be as deep as the bone and result from a combination of diabetic neuropathy, poor circulation, high blood sugar, and wounds or irritation in the feet.
While there are many causes of diabetic foot ulcers, they are much more likely to occur when there is a combination of factors at work. External factors can include shoes that constrict the feet or create friction around the toes and ball of the foot, poor hygiene if feet aren’t washed thoroughly, toenails not trimmed correctly, and any damage or trauma to the foot that cannot be felt as a result of nerve damage associated with diabetes.
When left unchecked, diabetic foot ulcers can deteriorate into severe medical conditions and in extreme cases, result in amputations. Treatment typically starts with ‘off-loading’ to take weight off the affected area, and your podiatrist will introduce a management plan to help address the causes and symptoms of diabetic foot sores.